The Special Security Force (SSF) was formed on the 15th of June, 1986 by then President Hussain Muhammed Ershad for close protection of VVIPs.
Originally it was named “Presidential Security Force” but later with the introduction of the parliamentary government system in Bangladesh the protection force was renamed as the Special Security Force (SSF) on the 27th of September 1997.
SSF is organised in to four bureaus including:
- Operation and Protection Bureau
- Intelligence Bureau
- Logistics Bureau
- Training Bureau
Its headquarter is located at the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) at Tejgaon, Dhaka. Its training complex and accomadation facilities are also located at the headquarters.
The force is commanded by a Major General or Brigadier General ranking officer titled as the Director General.
Constitutionally the Special Security Force’s principal mission is to provide psychical security to the President, Prime Minister and any person designated as a VVIP by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The SSF coordinates with the sister security services, armed forces, intelligence agencies and the civil administration to achieve the primary mission.
Typically SSF personnel are equipped with the personal ballistics protection gear, latest communications devices, surveillance and jamming equipment, specially outfitted vehicles such as Mitsubishi Pajero, Nissan Patrol, Toyota Land Cruiser, Nissan sedans, BMW Series 7 and Mercedes Benz luxury vehicles.
Generally the SSF inventory consists of weapons such as semi-automatic pistols, assault rifles, sniper rifles, sub-machine guns and military shotguns procured from Western countries though occasionally Bangladeshi made assault rifles are also used.